Laws describe, and theories explain.
THAT'S EXACTLY WHAT I THOUGHT when I decided to take law as my study, but now I feel like I am poisoning this life with theories and theories that never come true. Well, not that the matter all-law-theories poisoning this life, I AM, the one who exactly confused with how laws influence theories (social and political) and vise versa. Until I read this one: Laws describe things, theories explain them. An example will help you to understand this. There’s a law of gravity, which is the description of gravity. It basically says that if you let go of something it’ll fall. It doesn’t say why. Then there’s the theory of gravity, which is an attempt to explain why. Actually, Newton’s Theory of Gravity did a pretty good job, but Einstein’s Theory of Relativity does a better job of explaining it. These explanations are called theories, and will always be theories. They can’t be changed into laws, because laws are different things. But THE PROBLEM is that's how theories works in natural science, right? well, because I'm studying theories in social matters so, it quite obvious.
In science, a theory is not a guess, not feelings. Theory is also the ultimate goal, the explanation. It’s as close to proven as anything in science can be. Some people think that in science, you have a theory, and once it’s proven, it becomes a law. That’s not how it works. In science, they collect facts, or observations, they use laws to describe them, and a theory to explain them. Scientist don’t promote a theory to a law by proving it. A theory never becomes a law. NOW, I remembered what Robert W. Cox said about theory in social science, Theory is always for someone and for some purpose. Very skeptics. He added about critical theory that does not propound remedies or make predictions about the emerging shape of things, world order for example. It attempts rather, by analysis of forces and trends, to discern possible futures and to point to the conflicts and contradictions in the existing world order that could move things towards one or other of the possible futures. In that sense it can be a guide for political choice and action.
What do you think? I think this is the way laws finally can take a place, as political choice and action. And the characteristics, as well as theories, laws is something that maybe needs proof, not only a guess, a hunch, or fiction. No wondering if some of legal experts said that law actually is tool of social engineering. True.